Menacing statistics were given – in 2021, 580,415 cases of malignant neoplasms were detected in Russia for the first time in their lives, of which 71,000 people had colorectal cancer.
Health workers warn that regular screening will help avoid up to a third of deaths from this disease, and if the cancer is detected at an early stage, the five-year survival rate can reach 100%.
It is important for a person to know about risk factors such as: presence of chronic gastrointestinal diseases, obesity and overweight, sedentary lifestyle, smoking and alcohol abuse, “bad” heredity.
Also, unfavorable factors include irrational nutrition: the use of fried meat, trans fats, marinades, smoked meats, foods with low fiber content and high animal fat content.
The medical prevention doctor at the Center for Public Health and Medical Prevention Smirnova Yulia Alekseevna recommends:
– We increase the consumption of vegetables and fruits, not less than 400-500 grams per day. It is not necessary to run after the exotic, we remember that there are carrots, beets, cabbage, radishes, turnips, rutabagas, zucchini, eggplant, pumpkin.
It is very important that the body receives whole grain foods: not white wheat, but black rye, whole grain bread or with bran, not white, but brown raw rice, cereals. Whole grain products contain a huge amount of biofibers and are rich in carbohydrates.
Our body also needs vegetable fats containing polyunsaturated fatty acids. But, unfortunately, not all northerners include them in their menu. But vegetable oils, especially unrefined, raw pressed, are very useful, by the way, they are good for seasoning vegetable dishes. Let’s not forget the fresh dairy products.
Recent studies have shown that vitamins C, E, A and group B inhibit the formation of certain carcinogenic substances in the body and thus contribute to the prevention of malignant colon tumors. But alcoholic beverages, on the contrary, provoke the development of malignant diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
Yes, and of course, do not forget about physical activity, this is the best way to prevent cancer, lose weight, improve well-being and good mood.